PPP for a Passive house school, Germany
Many parts of eastern Germany have been suffering from population decrease since the 1990s. In the County of Oberspreewald – Lausitz, this led to amalgamation of several schools. Looking to turn a crisis into an opportunity, the county and local towns decided to build a new campus, SeeCampus Niederlausitz, to also act as a communication hub for the local population and fulfil high environmental and socio-economical demands. The project involved the construction of four school buildings, three school gyms, a sporting complex, and a rental centre for educational media.
Given the heavy investment costs, it was decided to establish a public-private partnership (ppp) for the design, build, financing and operation for a period of 30 years. In addition to the traditional operation of the technical services and infrastructural facility management (cleaning, maintenance, caretaker service) the school catering and operation of the publicly accessible cafeteria as well as maintenance of IT equipment (including IT support and network administration) were also transferred to the private partner.
One of the main goals of the project was to achieve the passive house standard, with specific penalty clauses included in the contract for non-fulfilment. Criteria were developed in collaboration with the passive house Institute in Darmstadt, including a maximum heating demand of 15 kWh/(m²a).
To select the private partner a negotiated procedure was used, with elements of competitive dialogue. Bids were requested based on an initial design (itself prepared through an architectural competition), with a strong element of the evaluation related to concepts for achieving the passive house standard, and reducing construction costs.
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